MASH Journal

Once a year publication
(E-ISSN No. 2590-3977)


Chief Editor :

Prof.Dr.Philip George
MBBS (Mang), M.Med (Psych) (UKM),
Cert in Substance Abuse(U of Melb), AM (Mal)
Consultant Psychiatrist & Addiction Medicine Specialist,
Head of Psychiatry,
International Medical University.

Sub-editors  :

Assoc.Prof.Dr.Prem Kumar Chandrasekaran
MBBS, M.Psych.Med, F’ship Neuropsych,

Dr.Sanjay Woodhull
Consultant Paediatrician,
MBBS (Manipal). MRCP (UK). FCCP (US)

Dr.Abdul Rasyid Sulaiman
Psychiatrist and Lecturer, IMU.
President, Early Career Psychiatrist, Malaysian Psychiatric Association.

Mr.John Emmanuel
Paediatric Surgeon,
Hospital Raja Permaisuri Bainun, Ipoh.

Dr. Mohammad Nazmul Hasan Maziz
Senior lecturer and Research fellow,
Graduate School of Medicine,
Perdana University.


Manipal Alumni Science & Health Journal (MASH) is an online access publication of Manipal Alumni Association Malaysia (MAAM). We have published 3 volumes and this will be our 4th volume.

Manipal Alumni Science & Health Journal (MASH) publishes carefully refereed research, review papers, short communication and case reports, which offer significant contribution to the science and health care industry.

Coverage extends to all main-stream branches of diseases, disorders and health care, branches of dental disorders and health care, branches of Allied health which are of interest to a wide audience.